Marty Mornhinweg’s Wacky Weapons: The Schwerer Gustav

The Maestro
Follow me:

The Maestro

The Maestro is a mystical Canadian internet user and New England Patriots fan; when the weather is cooperative and the TV signal at his igloo is strong enough, he enjoys watching the NFL, the Ottawa Senators & REDBLACKS, and yelling into the abyss on Twitter. He is somehow allowed to teach music to high school students when he isn’t in a blind rage about sports, and is also a known connoisseur of cheap beers across the Great White North.
The Maestro
Follow me:

Latest posts by The Maestro (see all)

Seems like it’s getting harder and harder to fill out my roster for next fall’s high school football team. I wish I’d be able to make the jump back to the NFL soon, but for whatever reason, seems like nobody’s answering my texts these days. Kind of a bummer, so I’ve turned my attention towards the school season starting in August. We had the incoming freshmen in to take a tour of the school and meet with teachers and coaches, and you know what? They’re TINY. It sucks! They need to get some growing done over the next few months! I miss the good ol’ days, when ninth-graders were nine feet tall and could pick their fathers up over their heads. That’s the way football should be played. Same with warfare. Enough of all this piddly “strategy” stuff – just get big, and HAMMER your opponent until they submit. That’s why this week’s weapon is one of my all-time faves!

THE SCHWERER GUSTAV

668px-DoraSchwererGustav
[source]

Country of origin: Germany

Purpose built: To destroy the French Maginot Line, the Russian city of Sevastopol, and anything else that happened to be adjacent

Years used: 1934 – 1945

What is it? The biggest goddamn gun in the history of the goddamn world, that’s what. Nazi Germany, with a leader whose territorial ambitions amounted to, essentially, a genocidal dick-measuring contest against other global heads of state, naturally invented this thing. Starting in 1934, the Krupp industrial design company was working on a railway-mounted gun; by placing it on directly on the tracks, it allowed for the Wehrmacht to make it much more mobile than it otherwise might have been. This was a stroke of brilliance, because the size of the gun (38 feet high, 23 feet wide, 155 feet long – with a 106-foot barrel, weighing a total of 1350 tonnes) was unlike anything that humanity had ever seen previously. Its 80 centimeter caliber shells were also the third-largest in history, bested only by the British “Mallet’s Mortar” and American “Little David” (both 36 inches/91.5 centimeter caliber) – but unlike their enemies’ designs, the Schwerer Gustav was the only one ever used in combat. The 4.7-ton high explosive shells could be used at a range of just over 29 miles, while the heavier 7-ton concrete-piercing shells had a maximum range of 23 miles.

After getting approval for a final version in 1937, the first of two guns was delivered to the Wehrmacht in 1941. It received the nickname “Schwerer Gustav” (“Heavy Gustav”) after the director of the Krupp company, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach. While initial intentions had been for the gun to be used to help destroy the stationary fortifications of the Maginot Line, partly lining France’s border with Germany, the Nazis had already succeeded in conquering Western Europe by this point, and decided to send it eastwards instead. During the siege of Sevastopol, the Schwerer Gustav was deployed from 15 kilometres away to hit critical targets, while the second gun of the same size, named Dora, was poised to be used during the siege of Stalingrad later in 1942. Unfortunately for the Nazis, the tide was turning, and the gun was never used. In the German retreat through eastern Europe, Schwerer Gustav and Dora both came along, but in the late days of the war, both guns were destroyed to prevent them falling into Allied hands. The Soviets, however, found the remains of the first gun, and studied them extensively in the days immediately following the end of the war, while the Americans found the remains of the second, which they didn’t scrap until the early 1950s.

Hitler Inspecting Schwerer Gustav Railway Gun
Hitler and SS officers inspecting the Schwerer Gustav. [source]

Why didn’t it work? Technically speaking, the guns did actually work…  and could absolutely blow the Soviets to shit when fired. The issue, really, is that the sheer size of the weapons was just so impractical for continuous combat purposes. How impractical? Well…

  • It required 2000 people to fire the Schwerer Gustav – the majority of those were to provide adequate air cover and support for deployment, but it still took 500 men to load and fire the gun.
  • Because the gun was so insanely large, it required parallel sets of railroad tracks in order to move it into position; because these typically had to be constructed before the gun could be placed in its final position, it made it much easier for reconnaissance teams to determine where the Wehrmacht was planning on deploying it – it was very hard to disguise building these tracks, especially from the air.
  • It took five weeks to get the gun in position to fire on Sevastopol; besides the typical 2000 personnel required to fire the gun and provide covering fire for its use, an additional 2000 personnel were also needed to build the tracks and defend the area required to actually put the gun where it was intended to go.
  • The barrel could not be swivelled left and right – it could only be fired straight-on, due to its design. In order to adjust the direction of the barrel, the gun had to be positioned on a curved section of track in order to change the way the gun pointed – making it an even longer and more difficult job to calibrate the weapon.
  • It took between 30 to 45 minutes to fire, clean and re-load the gun, meaning that it could only be used upwards of 14 times in a single day.
  • The barrel of Schwerer Gustav got worn out after fewer than 300 uses, requiring a difficult and expensive retrofit.
  • Overall, the cost of the gun was just too expensive for continued use; while the first was free to the army, the second one, named Dora, came at a cost of seven million Reichsmarks, which works out to be roughly equivalent to $24 million USD in 2015 figures.

What could make it better? 

Well, as you all know by now, I’m all about risk management, whether it’s on the football field or on the battlefield. That’s why I love the fullback draw in high school football – you just get your biggest guy to get rumbling, and nobody can stop him. You know what the issue was with this gun? It just wasn’t big enough. It should have been a mobile fortress, if anything. The Germans actually did have this idea, as well – a concept design known as the Landkreuzer P. 1500 Monster, a 1500-ton self-propelled artillery gun running on four U-boat diesel engines, with a crew of 100, that was unfortunately never built.

Image result for landkreuzer p. 1500 ratte
[source]

Impressive firing range and size, though certainly not speedy – unfortunately, my own “Roethlisberger” nickname for this guy still isn’t catching on just yet, but give it time.

Information for this article taken from here, here, here, here and here. Banner image by The Maestro. 

The Maestro
The Maestro
The Maestro is a mystical Canadian internet user and New England Patriots fan; when the weather is cooperative and the TV signal at his igloo is strong enough, he enjoys watching the NFL, the Ottawa Senators & REDBLACKS, and yelling into the abyss on Twitter. He is somehow allowed to teach music to high school students when he isn't in a blind rage about sports, and is also a known connoisseur of cheap beers across the Great White North.
https://www.doorfliesopen.com/index.php/author/the-maestro/
Please Login to comment
13 Comment threads
12 Thread replies
0 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
10 Comment authors
King HippoUnsurprisedRikki-Tikki-DeadlyWCSlitre_cola Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
Notify of
Unsurprised
Unsurprised

Speaking of big ‘uns

https://gfycat.com/NewBlandConch

WCS

HEISENBERG LIVES

King Hippo

God, how I miss that fictional man. A more thoughtful version of Michael Douglass’ “Falling Down” character.

litre_cola

The sheer amount of people used to operate this thing baffles me. I would really have liked to see this take place.

Also, would they build before the tracks en route or do it prior to this monstrosity leaving Naziville? Like Nashville but different.

King Hippo

But not THAT different

Rikki-Tikki-Deadly

“Too stupid to conspire” seems to the limit of any “exoneration” provided by the Mueller report, but “2 STOOPID 2 COLLUDE” has a better ring to it.

King Hippo

Just dumb enough to make an effective criminal enterprise.

/also, Kamala Harris bumper sticker is affixed to Hippo-mobile. Fired up! Ready to go…

Rikki-Tikki-Deadly

I’m going out to register newly naturalized citizens to vote next week!

King Hippo

That is an awesome use of time/energy, and I commend ya heartily.

King Hippo

It must be said, this series’ intro pic is DFO’s best since makeitsnow’s RAWR! original art

Horatio Cornblower

/runs into the comments, out of breath but ready to make a bunch of “big gun, little dick” jokes.
//reads comments

Ahh, fuck!!!

King Hippo

Triggered!!!111 – brittfar

LemonJello
LemonJello

“I keep telling you to wear two finger condoms and think about baseball next time!”
-D. Favre

Unsurprised
Unsurprised

I should be getting more use out of the saying since it’s the story of my life, but these super guns seem like the martial version of “the lazy man works the hardest.” Especially when the blitzkrieg worked by focusing on almost exact opposite elements like speed and mobility. Of course as the Germans and Americans since have learned, that doesn’t mean shit when holding territory.

There’s surely no NFL correlations to any of this.

Unsurprised
Unsurprised

Unfortunately for the Nazis …

I bet that phrase gets used a lot by football coaches.

LemonJello
LemonJello

“Good people on both sides of that wall, uh, I mean, ball.”
-J. Beauregard Lickspittle
Head Coach, Whiteville HS Clansmen

nomonkeyfun

Of course it was a Canadian who was in charge of the most recent serious attempt at designing a conventional supergun.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Babylon

Unsurprised
Unsurprised

Then the damn Israelis had to go and whack him.

LemonJello
LemonJello

“An Israeli? What spa is this?”
-R. Kraft

Unsurprised
Unsurprised

An expensive one

/rimshot

BrettFavresColonoscopy

“That’s not that big”

–Visanthe Shiancoe

Unsurprised
Unsurprised

/Brett Favre shrinks

nomonkeyfun

The Germans sure loved their big guns.

For range I give you the Paris gun. About 80 miles in 1918. They had to fire the shells in numerical order, each one slightly bigger than the last, because of wear on the barrel.

comment image

Rikki-Tikki-Deadly

“I don’t think the photographs really do it justice.” – BrittFarr

yeah right

That’s a big fucking gun.